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Some particle-physics terms and associated characteristics:

Particle term | Spin | Statistics | Comment | Examples |

fermion | half-integer (1/2, 3/2, 5/2, ...) | Fermi-Dirac | Any particle with such spin; obeys Pauli exclusion principle; can be elementary particle or composite | leptons, quarks, baryons |

boson | integer (0, 1, 2, ...) | Bose-Einstein | Any particle with such spin; can be elementary particle or composite | photon, gluon, W boson, Higgs bosonor a meson (a composite boson) |

lepton | 1/2 | Fermi-Dirac | Type of elementary particle and a type of fermion | electron, muon, neutrino |

quark | 1/2 | Fermi-Dirac | Type of elementary particle and a type of fermion;subject to the strong force | up, down, top, bottom, strange, charm |

hadron | either integer or half-integer | depends | Any composite particle; can be a fermion or boson | any baryon, any meson |

baryon | 1/2 | Fermi-Dirac | Any composite particle made of three quarks;a type of hadron and a type of fermion | protons, neutrons |

meson | 0 or 1 | Bose-Einstein | Any composite particle made up of a quark and antiquark;a type of hadron and a type of boson;unstable: decays in a fraction of a second | Pion, many other types |

*spin*- a quantum number indicating a type of quantum angular momentum.*Pauli exclusion principle*- a characteristic of some particles (i.e., those with half-integer spin) that two such particles are never in close association if all their quantum numbers are identical: an example is all the electrons within an atom.*Fermi-Dirac statistics*- a statistical distribution of energy levels of particles when they are in thermodynamic equilibrium if the particles are ruled by the*Pauli exclusion principle*(as opposed to*Bose-Einstein statistics*).*quantum number*- quantum mechanical values associated with a particle or system of particles: the set of them varies by system: they are conserved, i.e., changes to the particles don't change the total sums of any of the numbers. Electric charge and*spin*are examples. Net electric charge, for example, does not change in a particle interaction.*strong force*- one of the fundamental forces: the force that holds protons, neutrons, and atomic nuclei together.

Atomic nuclei, ions,
and (neutral) atoms all fall under the category of
*hadron* (composite particle) and can be either a *fermion* or
*boson*, depending upon the constituents.
Antimatter offers another dimension: some elementary particles
have an associated antiparticle, e.g., a positron is an anti-electron,
but both these two are *leptons* and *fermions*.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_particles

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fermion

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boson

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lepton

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hadron

absorption

absorption coefficient

Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE)

advection dominated accretion flow (ADAF)

air shower

alpha particle

antimatter

ARCADE

atmospheric escape

Avogadro's number (N

axion (A

baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO)

baryon

beam

Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC)

beta decay

black-hole information paradox

black hole (BH)

Blandford-Znajek mechanism (BZ process)

Boltzmann constant (k)

Boltzmann equation

Bose-Einstein statistics

bremsstrahlung

Boltzmann Transport Equation (BTE)

Cassini

cold dark matter (CDM)

chemical equilibrium (CE)

Cherenkov detector

Cherenkov radiation

CNO cycle

coherent light

collimator

column density

Compton scattering

Compton wavelength

cooling function

cosmic rays (CR)

cross section

curvature radiation

cyclotron radiation

dark matter

dark matter annihilation

de Broglie wavelength

decoupling

degeneracy weight

diffraction

diffusion

Doppler broadening

electron orbital

electron pressure

electron scattering

electron screening

electroweak

endothermic reaction

electron volt (eV)

exosphere

exotic star

Faraday rotation

Fokker-Planck equation

free streaming

freeze-out

fusion

fuzzy dark matter (FDM)

galactic wind

Galileo

Gamow peak

geodesic

Giotto

graviton

ground state

GZK limit

Hamiltonian

Hawking radiation

heating

heliosphere

Hough transform (HT)

hydrodynamic escape

hyperon

International Cometary Explorer (ICE)

ideal gas law

ionizing radiation

interplanetary medium (IPM)

Jeans escape

Jeans parameter (λ)

JUICE

Juno

Kavli Institute

kinetic energy (KE)

lattice Boltzmann method (LBM)

Local Interstellar Cloud (LIC)

line shape function

Lorentz force

MACHO

magnetic field

magnetosphere

mass

Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution

Maxwell's equations

mean free path

Magnetospheric Multiscale Mission (MMS)

mole (mol)

neutralino

neutrino (ν)

neutron scattering

New Horizons (NF1)

nitrogen (N)

Orbiting Wide-angle Light Collectors (OWL)

pair production

PAMELA

particle horizon

particle spectrometer

partition function (Z)

Pauli exclusion principle

photodisintegration

photon

pion (π)

plasma

plasma frequency

parts per million (PPM)

pressure integral

pulsar (PSR)

Pioneer Venus Orbiter (PVO)

quantum field theory (QFT)

quark-gluon plasma (QGP)

quantum

quantum fluctuations

quantum mechanics (QM)

quantum mixing

quantum number

quantum tunneling

quark

quark matter (QM)

quasiparticle

radiation belt

radiation pressure

radiative transfer (RT)

radioactive decay

radiolysis

Rayleigh scattering

repulsive dark matter (RDM)

reheating

relativistic astrophysics

relativistic effect

relativistic speed

relic

equation of radiative transfer (RTE)

scattering

Schrödinger equation

Schrödinger-Poisson equation

scintillator

solar energetic particle (SEP)

superluminous supernova (SLSN)

Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO)

solar storm

solar wind

Solar Orbiter (SolO)

space weather

spark chamber

solar particle event (SPE)

spectrometer

spectrometry

spin (m

spinning dust emission

synchrotron self-Compton (SSC)

standard model

standard model of a flare

stellar structure

STEREO

Stokes number (Stk)

string theory

Sun surface features

supersymmetry (SUSY)

synchrotron radiation

temperature

thermal bremsstrahlung

thermal emission

thermodynamic equilibrium (TE)

Thomson scattering

Ulysses

Heisenberg uncertainty principle

Van Allen belts

VHE

Vlasov-Poisson equation

Voyager

wave-particle duality

white dwarf (WD)

WIMP

ZEPLIN