Astrophysics (Index)About

rare designator prefixes

(designator prefixes generally used for only a few objects)

These are prefixes used in designators of objects (e.g., stars or galaxies) that are used for no more than a few objects of current interest. Some are from a small survey or catalog, such as produced by/for a single study and others are from catalogs no longer in general use. Or such a designator might be for objects discovered in a particular stellar cluster. Papers occasionally coin such a prefix for the discoveries they announce, or such a prefix might be devised by someone to indicate an earlier study mentioning the object. In some cases, a prefix is based upon the author's name.

Such a designator is likely the result of an attempt to reference the discoverer or an author who found it of interest or otherwise cataloged it. Such an object may have been of little or specialized interest, but more recently has generated wider research interest, the obscure name being revived and effectively publicized. For example, extra-solar planet searches watching many stars spot exoplanets around stars previously of little individual interest, some of these exoplanets making them targets for additional research.

See also double star designation.

Further reading:
βpmβpm 6author, proper motion, or "BUP"
A1689A1689-zD1lensed galaxy in Abell Catalog galaxy cluster 1689 field
ABAB 12authors' initials
AbettiAbetti 11discoverer
ACAC 2or "A.C.", discoverer's initials
AckAck 277.7-03.5author
AgAg 5author initial, galaxy
AGCAGC 1or "A.G.C.", discoverer "Clark" initials
AH03AH03 J1725-34.4author's initials & year
AlAl 2-Fauthor, PNe
ALDALD 19author abbrev.
AlessiAlessi J18350+7223author
AlicanteAlicante 12university
AllerAller 1nameón_María_Aller_Ulloa#Scientific_findings
ALSALS 3721college initial
Andrews-LindsayAndrews-Lindsay 1authors
AnonAnon 0043-37for "anonymous"
AntalovaAntalova 1author
ArchesArches-F6object within Arches star cluster
BB 1871discoverer
BB B 2227-612author
BAT99BAT99-98authors' initials & year
BDS03BDS03 9or "BDSB" or BDSB2003, authors, year
BennettBennett 4author, or "Ben"
BernesBernes 157author, or "Be"
BFSBFS 15authors
BIBI 253authors' initials
BicaBica 6discoverer
BiurakanBiurakan 11stellar clusters, observatory
BochumBochum 10observatory, also "Bo"
BokBok I 421Fauthor
BondBond 624observer
BPIBPI 14authors
BPMBPM 976"Bordeaux Proper Motion"
BPMABPMA 1"Bordeaux Proper Motion Annex"
BPSBPS CS 22898-0066authors
BRBR1202-0725 LAEin UK Schmidt Survey B and R plates
BradleyBradley 3077astronomer
BreyBrey 82author
BRIBRI 1202-0725in UK Schmidt Survey B, R, and I plates
BRTBRT 1204discoverer
BSOBSO 1"blue stellar object" - early quasar detection
BtzBtz 1Aadiscoverer
BUPBUP 6author, proper motion, or "βpm"
BVBV 5-2discoverer
BVDBVD 43discoverer
C*C* 3207carbon-star catalog
CamargoCamargo 439discoverer
CamelopardalisCamelopardalis Bconstellation name
CarinaCarina Dwarfconstellation name
CasCas 1constellation abbreviation
CBCB 34authors
CBBCBB 3authors
CCCPCCCP-Cl 14survey
CCCSCCCS 1174cool carbon stars
CCSCCS 1394cool carbon stars
CELCEL 1instrument
CGCSCGCS xcool galactic carbon stars
CGOCGO 439galactic O stars
CGSSCGSS 184S-type star, same as CSS
ChereulChereul 1moving groups, author
ChristieChristie's Leo Clusterfor discoverer "William H. Christie" of Mount Wilson Observatory
ChupinaChupina 1stellar clusters, author
CiCi 20 483Cincinnati Obs.
CLUSTCLUST 1stellar clusters
CnCn 1-1PN, discoverer
COCO-0.40-0.22molecular cloud
CPCP 1919"Cambridge pulsar"
CPOCPO 7or "CapO", observatory
CSSCSS 184S-type stars
CTACTA-102Caltech Radio Source list A
CTBCTB 22Caltech Radio source list B
DD 413discoverer
DanksDanks 2author
DBDB2001 36authors, open clusters
DeHtDeHt 5or "DHW", authors, PNe
DiasDias 6author, open clusters
DjorgDjorg 3author, globular clusters
DM99DM99 10authors
DODO 20Dearborn Observatory
DoDo 41or "Dolidze", author, open clusters
DRDR 21authors, microwave sources
EBLMEBLM J0555-57Abproject acronym
EGBEGB 6authors, PNe
EGGEGG 30author
EGGREGGR 131authors
EGMEGM 100author
EliasElias 2-27three papers by Elias
Es-BirmEs-Birm 120authors
EscorialEscorial 31town, open clusters
FCCFCC 35Fornax cluster catalog
FerreroFerrero 27discoverer, asterisms
FgFg 3or "Fleming", author, PNe
FMFM1discoverer's/author's initials
FOXFOX 134discoverer
FRFr 1discoverer, open clusters
FSFS 34"faint standard"
FSRFSR 1758authors
FuruhjelmFuruhjelm I 285aka FI-285, author
GG0.238-0.071maybe for "galactic coordinates"
GATGAT 1373author
GCGSSGCGSS 184S-type star, same as CSS
GCIRSGCIRS 13E"Galactic Center IR Source"
GHGH 7-21author, cluster
GMGM 2-39authors, PNe
GRGR 31cataloger, red dwarf
GRGR 8discoverer's/author's initials
GumGum 4discoverer, emission nebula
HaffnerHaffner 18discoverer, open clusters
HaroHaro 29author
HarvardHarvard 20observatory, open clusters
HaTrHaTr 4authors, PNe
HbHb 12author
HBHB 2124-4228authors
HBVHBV 475observatory, variable
HCGHCG 92author, compact groups
HDWHDW 13authors, PNe
HeHe 2-138or "Hen", discoverer, PNe or emission line stars
HfHf 69discoverer, PNe
HFLSHFLS3Herschel FLS field
HLXHLX-1"hyperluminous X-ray source"
HoHo 14or "Hogg 14", open clusters
HolmbergHolmberg IIdiscoverer
HSHHSH95 31authors' initials
HuHu 1-2discoverer, PNe
HVHV 2112"Harvard Variable" star catalog
HZHZ 9discoverers' initials
ISGISG 39authors' initials and G for galaxy
IsWeIsWe 2discoverers, PNe
IvanovIvanov 7author, open clusters
JacobyJacoby LMC 34author, PNe
JaFuJaFu 2discoverers, PNe
JuchertJuchert 9discoverer, open clusters
JWJW 566authors
KK 4-55discoverer, PNe
KK 13or Kg or King(discoverer), open clusters
KarhulaKarhula 11discoverer, open clusters
KDGKDG 52author's initial and DG for "dwarf galaxy"
KestevenKesteven 79or "Kes", galactic radio sources
KFLKFL 19or "KnFs", authors, PNe
KHKH 24Dauthors' initials
KharchenkoKharchenko 2discoverer, open clusters
KingKing 13discoverer, open clusters
KjPnKjPn 8authors, PNe
KKHKKH 060authors' initials
KKRKKR 25authors' initials
KlemolaKlemola 44or "Klem", galaxy clusters
KoposovKoposov 2discoverer, globular clusters
KPDKPD 1930+2752Kitt Peak & author initial
KronKron 3author, globular clusters
KronbergerKronberger 61discoverer, stellar clusters
KrugerKruger 60(or Kr) discoverer
KUGKUG 1259+280telescope UV galaxies
KUVKUV 410-4Kondo (author), UV excess
LL 143-231940s Luyten surveys
LALLAL 21185or "Lal", for "Lalande"
LalandeLalande 21185author
LAWDLAWD 13Luyten (author), white dwarf
LBLB 1479Luyten "blue"
LEHPMLEHPM 1902Liverpool-Edinburgh high PM
LGSLGS 3"Local Group, Suspected"
LHLH 10OB association, authors
LHLH 10-3209star within LH association
LHOLHO 110authors
LMC ABLMC AB 12LMC & authors' initials
LSRLSR J0822+1700authors' initials
LuhmanLuhman 16(or LUH) discoverer
MaffeiMaffei 1author name
MalinMalin 1discoverer
MarkarianMarkarian 6stellar clusters, author
MayallMayall IIused in 1953 paper
MBMB 3authors' initials
MCCMCC 481observatory
MelnickMelnick 42author
MGCMGC1for "Martin Globular Cluster", Nicolas Martin, primary author
MlbOMlbO 4Melbourne Obs. discovery
MLOMLO 4Melbourne Obs. discovery
MRMR 2251-178maybe for MIT Ricker?
MWCMWC 349"Mount Wilson Catalog"
NMLNML Cygniauthors
OclOcl-89open cluster
OoOo 2311author
PP871author initial
PismisPismis 24-17author
PrPr0201for open cluster Praesepe
PSPS 130authors
QQ0051-279for "quasar", referencing single survey
QQQQ2345+007double quasar
QQQQQQ J1432-0106triple quasar
RensonRenson 570"General catalogue of Ap and Am Stars"
ReticulumReticulum II Dwarfconstellation name
RobRob 270author
SANDSAND364paper by "Sanders" re open cluster
SBSB-WF 3572-1508Hubble Deep Field South SB field
SextansSextans Dwarf Sphconstellation name
SherSher 25author
SIPSSIPS1259-4336catalog from 2MASS data
SkSk -68 137author
SLSL 9discoverers
SmSm 15author
SMCSMC 018136survey of galaxy
SmethellsSmethells 15author
SOSO025300.5+165258maybe "Skymorph object" or "stellar object"
SP77SP77 46-44(or SP) authors, publication year
SRSR 12paper by Struve & Rudkjøbing of stars in Ophiuchus and Scorpius clouds
SSSS 433author initials
StephSteph 762author
StHAStHA 169author, H-alpha emitting stars
STISSTIS 123627+621755Hubble Space Telescope STIS instrument
StKMStKM 1-762author
TeideTeide 1observatory
TerzanTerzan 5series of papers re 12 globular clusters
TeutschTeutsch 126discoverer
TrumplerTrumpler 27(or "Tr"), author
TSTS 335authors
TVLMTVLM 513-46546author, "very low mass"
UU 494"UPG" abbreviated
UBVUBV 6193catalogs UBV data
ubvy98ubvy98 100180540filters
UGPUGP 619author initials
UMaUMa I dSphconstellation abbreviation: Ursa Major
UPGUPG 494authors
VarVar 83M33 "variable"
VBVB 8discoverer initials
vdB-HavB-Ha 47authors
VV2000cVV2000c J195928.3+404402authors' initials
VVOVVO 230Van Vleck Observatory
VysVys 3author, same as MCC
WesterlundWesterlund 1-26(or W26) cluster discoverer
WillmanWillman 1name of a discoverer
WoWo 9540 Ccatalog author
WOHWHO G64authors' initials
WrayWray 17-96author
WTWT 469author initials
YBPYBP 1194author initials
YGKOWYGKOW G1authors' initials
z8z8 GND 5296apparently for "z rounds to 8, GOODS North Deep"