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International Astronomical Union

(association of professional astronomers)

The International Astronomical Union (IAU or UAI) is an association of professional astronomers. Among their activities are standardizing the designations of bodies and standardizing recommended values of measurable quantities, e.g., the radius of the Sun. As such, it assists communication and collaboration among researchers regarding observation data, modeling, etc. Thus, for example, two researchers each modeling the Sun can avoid producing incompatible results merely from using different measures of its radius. The IAU famously redefined the definition of planet in a way that relegated Pluto to be a dwarf planet.


Referenced by:
celestial coordinate system
dwarf planet
galactic coordinate system (GCS)
International Celestial Reference System (ICRS)
Minor Planet Center (MPC)
time standard
terrestrial time (TT)