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triple alpha process

(fusion reaction chain turning helium-4 into carbon)

The triple alpha process is a fusion reaction in stars turning helium into carbon. This happens in older stars with abundant helium when the core collapses to produce sufficient heat. Helium fuses into beryllium-8 which then fuses with another helium atom to produce carbon.

4    4     8
 He + He -> Be (-93.7keV)
2    2     4

8    4     12
 Be + He ->  C (+7.367 MeV)
4    2      6

At about 100,000,000K, helium fuses faster than beryllium-8 decays and this process becomes significant. When this occurs, there is carbon to fuse with helium into oxygen.


(fusion,nuclear,reaction,nucleosynthesis,atoms)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triple-alpha_process

Referenced by:
asymptotic giant branch (AGB)
carbon (C)
horizontal branch (HB)
hydrogen burning
nuclear energy generation rate (ε)
nucleosynthesis
red clump (RC)

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