(frequency bands in which the atmosphere passes electromagnetic radiation)
An atmospheric window is a band
of frequencies or wavelengths
for which the Earth's atmosphere allows electromagnetic radiation to pass
(given the Earth's atmospheric transparency is limited).
An example is the visible window,
without which we would have no daylight.
Some atmospheric windows:
There are narrower windows as well, such as the water hole,
which allows the 18cm and 21cm line to be viewed from the ground.
ionized carbon fine structure line ([CII])
equilibrium temperature (Teq)
helium 1083nm line
low frequency radio astronomy
Large Millimeter Telescope (LMT)
vegetation red edge (VRE)
Very Small Array (VSA)