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The **Hubble constant** (**H _{0}**) is the current rate of
expansion of the universe, which is presumed to be constant throughout
the current universe. It is expressed as a ratio of the relative velocity
between two points that results from the current expansion
to the current distance between the points,
typically expressed in km/s divided by megaparsecs.
Measurements put it in the in the range of 50-90 (km/s)/Mpc
with current determinations close to 70.
The zero subscript (H

Observation has revealed evidence that the universe's expansion
is not constant with time. The term **Hubble parameter** (**H** or
**H(t)**) is used to indicate a similar characterization of the
universe's expansion without specifying we're talking about right now.
Despite this variation, the Hubble constant (current value) is often
used as a good approximation of the expansion for nearly the entire
life of the universe.

The term **Hubble parameter** is also used for what could more
precisely be termed the **dimensionless Hubble parameter**,
indicated by **h**.

H = h × 100 km s^{-1}Mpc^{-1}

The currently determined Hubble constant places the current value
at about 0.7.
Distances to galaxies are sometimes given in terms of this
Hubble parameter: e.g., a distance of 30h^{-1} Mpc,
which allows future readers to adjust the distance they assume
according to up-to-date values of the Hubble constant.
Using a constant value of h = 0.7, 30h^{-1} Mpc
calculates to roughly 43 Mpc.

The terms are named for Edwin Hubble, who in the early 20th century
established that distance measurements to galaxies using
variable stars are directly related to radial velocity
measurements of the galaxies by redshift (illustrated by his
**Hubble diagram**). This is termed **Hubble's law**, and remains
a good approximation, very good at low redshifts.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hubble_constant

https://www.astro.caltech.edu/~george/ay127/readings/FreedmanMadore2010.pdf

https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2020PhRvD.101d3533K/abstract

https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1929PNAS...15..168H/abstract

Alcock-Paczyński effect (AP effect)

Big Bang

Calán/Tololo Survey

comoving units

cosmic distance ladder

cosmic time

Hubble diagram

Hubble expansion

Hubble time (t

Lambda-CDM model (ΛCDM)

Lick Observatory Supernova Search (LOSS)

luminosity function (LF)

peculiar velocity

redshift (z)

redshift survey

scale factor (a)

Supernova Cosmology Project (SCP)

star formation rate (SFR)

supernova survey

spectral feature

standard ruler

standard siren

Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect (SZ effect)