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Strömgren sphere

(sphere of ionized hydrogen around an OB star)

A Strömgren sphere is a sphere surrounding an OB star with the conditions to host an HII region. It is the sphere within a calculated radius at which ultraviolet from the star will keep hydrogen ionized, called the Stömgren radius. The calculation is based upon a balance between ionization due to the electromagnetic radiation and the expected random recombination of ion and electron.

RS = (3S*/(4πn²β2))1/3

(Recombinations down to the ground state are balanced by the ionizing radiation they produce.) This formula gives rough conditions for the presence of such a cloud, given a hydrogen density of a few thousand and a hydrogen temperature of a few thousand K.


Referenced by:
HII region (HII)
interstellar medium (ISM)