An Atmospheric Temperature Profile (aka Vertical Temperature Profile or just Temperature Profile) of a world is a function of the Temperature of its Atmosphere by altitude. A planet's or Moon's atmosphere has such a general temperature profile, which is of interest in the study of the world and its atmosphere.
Terminology devised for Earth's atmosphere and its profile is often adapted and used for other worlds:
The term Temperature Inversion is generally used to mean temperature rising with height, and is used to describe such a phenomena when it occurs in a portion of the troposphere where it is associated with some weather situations. In describing whole atmospheres, the term is sometimes used to point out the existence of a layer like the stratosphere. In Extra Solar Planets, one cause of a permanent temperature inversion can be an upper atmosphere transparent to most of the planet's Black-Body Radiation but opaque to much of the star's.