Astrophysics (Index)About


(cluster of galaxy clusters)

A supercluster is a cluster of galaxy groups and clusters. Typical size is several hundred million light-years across, and some 1017 solar masses.

Whether a given supercluster is gravitationally bound is often a subject of repeated analysis, often concluding that particular superclusters are not. Given that, the term appears to indicate "a grouping of clusters, which may or may not be gravitationally bound", which some consider to be of little use. It is accepted that galaxy clusters are gathered in groups rather than spread randomly. A level up from superclusters are galaxy filaments, galaxy walls or galaxy sheets, and supercluster complexes.

The Local Supercluster or Virgo Supercluster includes the Local Group (with the Milky Way) as well as the Virgo Cluster and is thought to contain 47,000 galaxies. Laniakea Supercluster has been declared a larger supercluster that includes the Virgo Supercluster, so the term Local Supercluster might be used to mean it instead.

(large scale structures)
Further reading:

Referenced by pages:
astronomical quantities
Coma Supercluster
dark matter
velocity dispersion (σ)
galaxy cloud
galaxy cluster (CL)
galaxy filament
gravitationally bound
Great Attractor
Great Wall
Hydra-Centaurus Supercluster
Laniakea Supercluster
Local Group (LG)
large scale structure (LSS)
Perseus-Pisces Supercluster
Sloan Great Wall (SGW)
supergalactic coordinate system
Virgo Supercluster
Zel'dovich approximation