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high-velocity star

(star moving noticeably faster than neighbors)

A high-velocity star is one moving significantly faster than the vast majority. Typical criteria are 65 km/s or 100 km/s relative to other stars. Some such stars (runaway stars) appear to have been boosted by some event such as a supernova or a stellar encounter involving a binary star. Others appear to be in the higher-velocity portion of large elliptical orbits stretching into the galactic halo, often apparently very old stars. And a few are traveling so fast they appear to near or exceed the Milky Way's escape velocity (hypervelocity star).


(star type,stellar kinematics)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stellar_kinematics#High-velocity_stars

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