Astrophysics (Index)About

rare designator prefixes

(designator prefixes generally used for only a few objects)

These are prefixes used in designators of objects (e.g., stars or galaxies) that are not commonly seen for any large number of objects. An IAU initiative offers formalized designation formats with the aim of object-references that are and remain unique and traceable, but designator prefixes actually used for objects are ultimately chosen by those who write or talk about the objects, and they often choose something convenient to write and say, often shortening the prefix. Such designator prefixes in use include:

See also double star designation.


(objects,designation)
Further reading:
https://www.skyandtelescope.com/astronomy-resources/names-of-deep-sky-objects/
https://www.theiet.org/media/2014/aoi-for-website-mch-2010.pdf
PrefixExample  
βpmβpm 6author, proper motion, or "BUP"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1913PA.....21..489D/abstract
AA 58or Abell, PNehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1966ApJ...144..259A/abstract
A1689A1689-zD1lensed galaxy in Abell Catalog galaxy cluster 1689 fieldhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008ApJ...678..647B/abstract
ABAB 12authors' initialshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1979A%26A....75..243A/abstract
AbettiAbetti 11discoverer
ACAC 114authors+ or "ACCG 114"https://cds.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/Dic-Simbad?ACCG
ACAC 211authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1981A%26AS...46..347A/abstract
AckAck 277.7-03.5authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1991A%26AS...90...89A/abstract
ADBSADBS 113845+2008telescope/instrumenthttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2000ApJS..130..177R/abstract
AGAG-136authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1999ApJ...517..264A/abstract
AgAg 5author initial, galaxyhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1971PASP...83..310A/abstract
AGCAGC 1or "A.G.C.", discoverer "Clark" initialshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1862AN.....57..131B/abstract
AH03AH03 J1725-34.4author's initials & yearhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003stcl.book.....A/abstract
AhmedAhmed 5authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1962PROE....3...60A/abstract
AlAl 2-Fauthor, PNehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1979Obs....99...83A/abstract
AlcainoAlcaino 49authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1975A%26AS...21....5A/abstract
ALDALD 19author abbrev.https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1936AJ.....45...73A/abstract
AlessiAlessi J18350+7223authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003A%26A...410..565A/abstract
AlicanteAlicante 12universityhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016MNRAS.459..880M/abstract
AllerAller 1namehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramón_María_Aller_Ulloa#Scientific_findings
ALSALS 3721college initialhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1998ApJS..115..271R/abstract
Andrews-LindsayAndrews-Lindsay 1authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1967IrAJ....8..126A/abstract
AnonAnon 0043-37for "anonymous"
AntalovaAntalova 1authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1970BAICz..21..331A/abstract
AntipinAntipin V70authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1994IBVS.4125....1A/abstract
ApAp1-9discovererhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1962SvA.....6..198F/abstract
APMPMAPMPM J0237-5928APM high PM starshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2000A%26A...353..958S/abstract
ArchesArches-F6object within Arches star clusterhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arches_Cluster
ASAS 353"additional (emission-line) stars"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1950ApJ...112...72M/abstract
ASRASR 41authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1994A%26AS..106..165A/abstract
ATELAISATELAIS J003411.59-435817.0observatory/survey fieldhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008AJ....135.1276M/abstract
AWMAWM 4authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1977ApJ...211..309A/abstract
AzTECAzTEC-3instrumenthttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008MNRAS.385.2225S/abstract
AzVAzV 456or "AV 456", authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1975A%26AS...22..285A/abstract
BB 324"blue" in M33https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1980ApJS...44..319H/abstract
BABA 1-642authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1964ApJ...139.1027B/abstract
BAT99BAT99-98or just "BAT 98", authors & yearhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1999A%26AS..137..117B/abstract
BCBC 56observatory, carbon starhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1974ISKZ....1....7A/abstract
BDS03BDS03 9or "BDSB" or BDSB2003, authors, yearhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003A%26A...404..223B/abstract
BennettBennett 4author, or "Ben"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1969MNSSA..28...80B/abstract
BernesBernes 157author, or "Be"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1977A%26AS...29...65B/abstract
BFSBFS 15authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1982ApJS...49..183B/abstract
BGBG 0237+61observatoryhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1974A%26AS...16...43F/abstract
BGBG 57 42authorhttps://cds.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/Dic-Simbad?BG%2057
BHBH 217authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1975AJ.....80...11V/abstract
BHJBHJ 2authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1959ApJ...130...69B/abstract
BHRBHR 71authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1995MNRAS.276.1052B/abstract
BIBI 253authors' initialshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1975A%26AS...21..109B/abstract
BicaBica 6discoverer
BiurakanBiurakan 11stellar clusters, observatoryhttps://www.stellar-journeys.org/cluster-biurakan-tour.htm
BKBK 1Nauthorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1982AN....303..189B/abstract
BochumBochum 10observatory, also "Bo"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1975A%26A....39..477V/abstract
BokBok I 421Fauthorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1964MmMtS..16....0B/abstract
BondBond 624observerhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1857AnHar...2....2B/abstract
BPIBPI 14authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003A%26A...411...83B/abstract
BPMBPM 976"Bordeaux Proper Motion"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2006A%26A...448.1235D/abstract
BPMABPMA 1"Bordeaux Proper Motion Annex"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010A%26A...521A...4G/abstract
BPSBPS CS 22898-0066authors, sometimes just CS or BShttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1985AJ.....90.2089B/abstract
BRBR1202-0725 LAEin UK Schmidt Survey B and R plateshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1996ApJ...468..121S/abstract
BradleyBradley 3077astronomerhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1818fapa.book.....B/abstract
BRANBRAN 285or "BBW 285", authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1986A%26AS...65..537B/abstract
BRCBRC 68bright-rimmed cloudshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1991ApJS...77...59S/abstract
BreyBrey 82authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1981A%26AS...43..203B/abstract
BrhBrh V128authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2000IBVS.4920....1B/abstract
BRIBRI 1202-0725in UK Schmidt Survey B, R, and I plates
BrunBrun 907authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1935POLyo...1...12B/abstract
BSDBSD 41-2321observatory, "spectral screening"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1935bsdn.book.....S/abstract
BSOBSO 1"blue stellar object" - early quasar detectionhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1965ApJ...142..412S/abstract
BtzBtz 1Aadiscovererhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1920AN....211...13B/abstract
BUPBUP 6author, proper motion, or "βpm"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1913PA.....21..489D/abstract
BVBV 5-2discovererhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu//abs/1956PASP...68..430B/abstract
BVBV 625Bamberg observatory variablehttps://opus4.kobv.de/opus4-fau/files/2607/hudec_optical_3791.pdf
BVDBVD 43discovererhttp://jdso.org/volume6/number1/Benavides.pdf
BzKBzK 21000filtershttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2006ApJ...637L...5D/abstract
CC 0739-242"cluster"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1982BICDS..23...89L/abstract
C*C* 3207carbon-star cataloghttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1973PW%26SO...1.....S/abstract
CALCAL 87organizationhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1981ApJ...248..925L/abstract
CalarCalar 3observatoryhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1997A%26A...317..164Z/abstract
CamargoCamargo 439discovererhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016MNRAS.455.3126C/abstract
CamelopardalisCamelopardalis Bconstellation name
CarinaCarina Dwarfconstellation name
CasCas 1constellation abbreviation
CaseCase 271observatoryhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1954ApJ...120..129N/abstract
CBCB 34authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1988ApJS...68..257C/abstract
CBBCBB 3authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012MNRAS.423.1940C/abstract
CBSCBS 127observatory, blue starhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1983ApJS...51..171P/abstract
CCCPCCCP-Cl 14surveyhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011ApJS..194....1T/abstract
CCCSCCCS 1174cool carbon starshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1996yCat.3156....0S/abstract
CCMCCM 10authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1969A%26A.....1..479C/abstract
CCSCCS 1394cool carbon starshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1989PW%26SO...3...53S/abstract
CECE 457observatorieshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001ApJS..133..119R/abstract
CELCEL 1instrumenthttps://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19730017142
CGCG 657observatory, galaxyhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1983ApJS...51..171P/abstract
CGCSCGCS xcool galactic carbon starshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001BaltA..10....1A/abstract
CGOCGO 439galactic O starshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1974RMxAA...1..211C/abstract
CGSSCGSS 184S-type star, same as CSS
Cha HalphaCha Halpha 2SFR, H-alpha sourcehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2000A%26A...359..269C/abstract
ChereulChereul 1moving groups, authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1999A%26AS..135....5C/abstract
ChristieChristie's Leo Clusterfor discoverer "William H. Christie" of Mount Wilson Observatoryhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1931PASP...43..350C/abstract
ChupinaChupina 1stellar clusters, authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1998A%26A...334..552C/abstract
CHXRCHXR 49SFR, X-ray sourcehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1993ApJ...416..623F/abstract
CiCi 20 483Cincinnati Obs.https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1930PCinO..20....1P/abstract
CIGCIG 993isolated galaxieshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1986BICDS..30..125K/abstract
CITCIT 3institutionhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1966ApJ...146..288U/abstract
CIZACIZA J2242.8+5301cluster ZOAhttp://simbad.u-strasbg.fr/simbad/sim-ref?bibcode=2002ApJ...580..774E
CKCK 2authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1986ApJ...300..729C/abstract
CLCL 2SN remnanthttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1973A%26A....28..197K/abstract
CLSCLS 50institution, late-type starhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1988ApJS...66..387S/abstract
CLUSTCLUST 1stellar clustershttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1995AstL...21...10M/abstract
CnCn 1-1PN, discovererhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1921HarCi.224....1W/abstract
COCO-0.40-0.22molecular cloud
CPCP 1919"Cambridge pulsar"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1976Ap%26SS..44..479T/abstract
CPOCPO 7or "CapO", observatory
CRLCRLinstitutionhttps://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/102032602
CSSCSS 184S-type starshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1984PW%26SO...3....1S/abstract
CTACTA-102Caltech Radio Source list Ahttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1960PASP...72..237H/abstract
CTBCTB 22Caltech Radio source list Bhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1960PASP...72..331W/abstract
DD 413discovererhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1828RSPT..118..113D/abstract
DanksDanks 2authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1983A%26A...118..301D/abstract
DBDB2001 36authors, open clustershttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2000A%26A...359L...9D/abstract
DeHtDeHt 5or "DHW", authors, PNehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1980A%26A....85..356D/abstract
DiasDias 6author, open clustershttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002A%26A...389..871D/abstract
DjorgDjorg 3author, globular clustershttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1987ApJ...317L..13D/abstract
DM99DM99 10authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1999AAS...194.6915M/abstract
DODO 20Dearborn Observatoryhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1943AnDea...5....1L/abstract
DoDo 41or "Dolidze", author, open clustershttps://wilton.unifei.edu.br/ocdb/Dolidzelist.txt
DRDR 21authors, microwave sourceshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1966ApJ...144..937D/abstract
EBLMEBLM J0555-57Abproject acronymhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2017A%26A...608A.129T/abstract
EGBEGB 6authors, PNehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1984PASP...96..283E/abstract
EGGEGG 30authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1990PASP..102..166E/abstract
EGGREGGR 131authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1965ApJ...141...83E/abstract
EGMEGM 100authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1976ApJS...30..351E/abstract
EliasElias 2-27three papers by Eliashttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1978ApJ...223..859E/abstract
Es-BirmEs-Birm 120authorshttps://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100220412
EscorialEscorial 31town, open clustershttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008AN....329..801C/abstract
FCCFCC 35Fornax cluster cataloghttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1989AJ.....98..367F/abstract
FerreroFerrero 27discoverer, asterismshttp://splendeursducielprofond.eklablog.fr/mon-catalogue-d-amas-d-etoiles-p563496
FgFg 3or "Fleming", author, PNehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1910HarCi.158....1F/abstract
FMFM1discoverer's/author's initialshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2000A%26AS..145..229F/abstract
FOXFOX 134discoverer
FRFr 1discoverer, open clustershttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1977IzPul.195...80F/abstract
FSFS 34"faint standard"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001MNRAS.325..563H/abstract
FSRFSR 1758authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007MNRAS.374..399F/abstract
FuruhjelmFuruhjelm I 285aka FI-285, authorhttps://www.worldcat.org/title/recherches-sur-les-mouvements-propres-des-etoiles-dans-la-zone-photographique-de-helsingfors/oclc/2924170
GG0.238-0.071maybe for "galactic coordinates"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010ApJ...725..188M/abstract
GATGAT 1373authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1973AJ.....78..769G/abstract
GCGSSGCGSS 184S-type star, same as CSS
GCIRSGCIRS 13E"Galactic Center IR Source"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1973ApJ...184..415R/abstract
GHGH 7-21author, clusterhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1962LowOB...5..257G/abstract
GMGM 2-39authors, PNe
GRGR 31cataloger, red dwarfhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1972LowOB...7..217G/abstract
GRGR 8discoverer's/author's initialshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1956AJ.....61...69R/abstract
GumGum 4discoverer, emission nebulahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gum_catalog
HaffnerHaffner 18discoverer, open clustershttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1957ZA.....43...89H/abstract
HaroHaro 29authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1953ApJ...117...73H/abstract
HarvardHarvard 20observatory, open clustershttp://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1930HarMo...2.....S/abstract
HaTrHaTr 4authors, PNehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1985A%26A...145...41H/abstract
HBHB 2124-4228authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1988MNRAS.234..177H/abstract
HbHb 12authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1921PASP...33..174H/abstract
HBVHBV 475observatory, variable
HCGHCG 92author, compact groupshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1982ApJ...255..382H/abstract
HDWHDW 13authors, PNehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1980A%26A....85..356D/abstract
HeHe 2-138or "Hen", discoverer, PNe or emission-line starshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1961PASP...73..159H/abstract
HfHf 69discoverer, PNehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1953AnHar.119...37H/abstract
HFLSHFLS3Herschel FLS field
HLXHLX-1"hyperluminous X-ray source"
HoHo 14or "Hogg 14", open clustershttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1965MmMtS..17....1H/abstract
HolmbergHolmberg IIdiscovererhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1950MeLuS.128....5H/abstract
HSHHSH95 31authors' initialshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1995ApJ...448..179H/abstract
HuHu 1-2discoverer, PNehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1921PASP...33..175H/abstract
HVHV 2112"Harvard Variable" star cataloghttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1946RA......1..385M/abstract
HZHZ 9discoverers' initialshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1947ApJ...105...85H/abstract
ISGISG 39authors' initials and G for galaxyhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1986A%26A...167...11I/abstract
IsWeIsWe 2discoverers, PNehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1987A%26A...178..227I/abstract
IvanovIvanov 7author, open clustershttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002A%26A...394L...1I/abstract
JacobyJacoby LMC 34author, PNehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1980ApJS...42....1J/abstract
JaFuJaFu 2discoverers, PNehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1997AJ....114.2611J/abstract
JuchertJuchert 9discoverer, open clusters
JWJW 566authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1988AJ.....95.1755J/abstract
KK 13or Kg or King(discoverer), open clustershttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1949BHarO.919...41K/abstract
KK 4-55discoverer, PNehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lubos_Kohoutek
KarhulaKarhula 11discoverer, open clusters
KDGKDG 52author's initial and DG for "dwarf galaxy"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1968SoByu..39...61K/abstract
KeluKelu-1namehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1997ApJ...491L.107R/abstract
KestevenKesteven 79or "Kes", galactic radio sourceshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1968AuJPh..21..369K/abstract
KFLKFL 19or "KnFs", authors, PNehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1988AJ.....95..804K/abstract
KHKH 24Dauthors' initialshttps://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1086/300426/fulltext/
KharchenkoKharchenko 2discoverer, open clustershttps://www.iau.org/administration/membership/individual/932/
KIGKIG 993isolated galaxieshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1986BICDS..30..125K/abstract
KingKing 13discoverer, open clustershttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1949BHarO.919...41K/abstract
KjPnKjPn 8authors, PNehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1971ATsir.602....6K/abstract
KKHKKH 060authors' initialshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001A%26A...366..428K/abstract
KKRKKR 25authors' initialshttps://aas.aanda.org/articles/aas/pdf/1999/05/ds1603.pdf
KlemolaKlemola 44or "Klem", galaxy clustershttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1969AJ.....74..804K/abstract
KoposovKoposov 2discoverer, globular clustershttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007ApJ...669..337K/abstract
KPDKPD 1930+2752Kitt Peak & author initialhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1986ApJS...61..569D/abstract
KronKron 3author, globular clustershttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1956PASP...68..125K/abstract
KronbergerKronberger 61discoverer, stellar clustershttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kronberger_61
KrugerKruger 60(or Kr) discovererhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1891AN....127..289B/abstract
KUGKUG 1259+280telescope UV galaxieshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1984AnTok..19..595T/abstract
KUVKUV 410-4Kondo (author) or Kiso (observatory), UV excesshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1980AnTok..18...55N/abstract
LL 143-231940s Luyten surveyshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1939BHarO.911...24L/abstract
LaevensLaevens 2discovererhttp://www.mpia.de/person/32613/2285
LALLAL 21185or "Lal", for "Lalande"https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Histoire_Celeste_Francaise
LalandeLalande 21185authorhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Histoire_Celeste_Francaise
LatysevLatysev 2discoverer(moving group)https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1972ATsir.681....2L/abstract
LAWDLAWD 13Luyten (author), white dwarfhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1949ApJ...109..528L/abstract
LBLB 1479Luyten "blue"https://books.google.com/books/about/A_search_for_faint_blue_stars_I_XXX.html?id=zIzvAAAAMAAJ
Le GentilLe Gentil 2nebulaehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guillaume_Le_Gentil
LEHPMLEHPM 1902Liverpool-Edinburgh high PMhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003A%26A...397..575P/abstract
LGGLGG 384observatory, galaxy grouphttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1993A%26AS..100...47G/abstract
LGSLGS 3"Local Group, Suspected"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1979ApJ...232L..11T/abstract
LHLH 10OB association, authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1970AJ.....75..171L/abstract
LHLH 10-3209star within LH associationhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1999AJ....118.1684W/abstract
LHALHA 120-N 119observatory, emission nebulaehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1956ApJS....2..315H/abstract
LHOLHO 110authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009A%26A...494.1137L/abstract
LMC ABLMC AB 12LMC & authors' initialshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1979A%26A....75..243A/abstract
LoLo 4or Longmore(author) PNehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1977MNRAS.178..251L/abstract
LoLo 807or Loden(author)https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1973A%26AS...10..125L/abstract
LoTrLoTr 5authors, PNehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1980MNRAS.193..521L/abstract
LSRLSR J0822+1700authors' initialshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002AJ....124.1190L/abstract
LuhmanLuhman 16(or LUH) discovererhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kevin_Luhman
LyLy(or Lynga) discoverer,stellar clustershttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1964MeLuS.140....1L/abstract
MM1-92discoverer,PNehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1946PASP...58..305M/abstract
MaffeiMaffei 1author namehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1968PASP...80..618M/abstract
MalinMalin 1discovererhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1987AJ.....94...23B/abstract
MamajekMamajek 3discovererhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1999ApJ...516L..77M/abstract
MarkarianMarkarian 6stellar clusters, authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1951SoByu...9....1M/abstract
MayallMayall IIused in 1953 paperhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1953PASP...65...24M/abstract
MayerMayer 2discovererhttps://dml.cz/handle/10338.dmlcz/142165
MBMB 3authors' initialshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1997AJ....113..981M/abstract
MCCMCC 481observatoryhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1943ApJ....97..381V/abstract
MCWMCW 1179authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1955ApJS....2...41M/abstract
MeMe 2-1discoverer,PNehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1942PASP...54Q.107M/abstract
MelnickMelnick 42authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1985A%26A...153..235M/abstract
MercerMercer 81author, stellar clustershttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005ApJ...635..560M/abstract
MGCMGC1for "Martin Globular Cluster", Nicolas Martin, primary authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2006MNRAS.371.1983M/abstract
MRMR 2251-178maybe for MIT Ricker?
MRMR 93or "Roberts 93", Wolf-Rayet starshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1962AJ.....67...79R/abstract
MWCMWC 349"Mount Wilson Catalog"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1933ApJ....78...87M/abstract
MzMz 3authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1922BHarO.777....0M/abstract
NN 164abbreviated from LHA 120-N 64https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1956ApJS....2..315H/abstract
NaNa 2authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1964ApJ...139..864N/abstract
NeVeNeVe 3-4authorshttp://adsabs.harvard.edu/full/1987MitAG..70..406N
NMLNML Cygniauthorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1965ApJ...142..399N/abstract
OclOcl-89open clusterhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1970csca.book.....A/abstract
OoOo 2311authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1937AnLei..17A...1O/abstract
OTSOTS 44authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1998Sci...282.1095T/abstract
PP871author initialhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1993AJ....106..560P/abstract
PBPB 10authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1960BOTT....2s..19P/abstract
PCPC 22authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1961BOTT....3...33P/abstract
PePe 1-4authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1960BAICz..11..256P/abstract
PisPis 20or Pi or Pismis(discoverer)http://www.astroscu.unam.mx/bott/indexvol2num18.html
PlataisPlatais 1authorhttps://webda.physics.muni.cz/cgi-bin/selname.cgi?auth=platais
PMPM 1-173authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1988A%26AS...76..317P/abstract
PrPr0201for open cluster Praesepe
PSPS 130authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1978AJ.....83.1090P/abstract
QQ0051-279for "quasar", referencing single surveyhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1993ApJS...87..451H/abstract
QQQQ2345+007double quasarhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1991AJ....101...66W/abstract
QQQQQQ J1432-0106triple quasarhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013MNRAS.431.1019F/abstract
RaabRaab 19authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1922MeLuS..28....3R/abstract
RCWRCW 36authorshttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RCW_Catalogue
RensonRenson 570"General catalogue of Ap and Am Stars"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1991A%26AS...89..429R/abstract
ReticulumReticulum II Dwarfconstellation name
RiddleRiddle 4open clustershttps://www.pbase.com/jshuder/image/167044580
RoRo 4or Roslund, open clustershttps://www.stellar-journeys.org/cluster-roslund-tour.htm
RobRob 270authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1984AJ.....89.1229R/abstract
RuRu 7or "Ruprecht 7", open clustershttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1966BAICz..17...33R/abstract
SaSa 1-5or "PN Sa 1-5"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1974PASP...86..215S/abstract
SaSa 156or "Sandqvist 156", dark nebulaehttp://simbad.u-strasbg.fr/simbad/sim-ref?bibcode=1976A%26A....53..179S
SACSSACS 178starshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1994A%26AS..106..441N/abstract
SANDSAND364short for "NGC 2682 Sand 364"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1977A%26AS...27...89S/abstract
SaurerSaurer 1open clustershttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1994AJ....107.2101S/abstract
SaWeSaWe 4PNehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1987A%26AS...69..527S/abstract
SBSB-WF 3572-1508Hubble Deep Field South SB field
SchoenbergSchoenberg 205/6dark nebulaehttps://www.zobodat.at/publikation_volumes.php?id=56673
SCMSCM 192PNehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1992A%26AS...96...23S/abstract
SextansSextans Dwarf Sphconstellation name
SFOSFO 68authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1991ApJS...77...59S/abstract
SherSher 25or "Sh 25", authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1965MNRAS.129..237S/abstract
ShkShk 4authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1973Afz.....9..495S/abstract
SimeisSimeis 147observatoryhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1950IzKry...6....3S/abstract
SIPSSIPS1259-4336catalog from 2MASS datahttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005A%26A...435..363D/abstract
SkSk -68 137authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1970CoTol..89.....S/abstract
SLSL 39or "Sandqvist 39", authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1976A%26A....53..179S/abstract
SLSL 9discoverershttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comet_Shoemaker-Levy_9
SmSm 15authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1974PhDT........10S/abstract
SMCSMC 018136survey of galaxyhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002ApJS..141...81M/abstract
SmethellsSmethells 15authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1974PhDT........10S/abstract
SOSO025300.5+165258maybe "Skymorph object" or "stellar object"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003ApJ...589L..51T/abstract
SPSP 1author, PNehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1936BHarO.902...26S/abstract
SP77SP77 46-44(or SP) authors, publication yearhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1977PW%26SO...2..105S/abstract
SRSR 12paper by Struve & Rudkjøbing of stars in Ophiuchus and Scorpius cloudshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1949ApJ...109...92S/abstract
SRSSRS 30232astrometryhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1990IAUS..141..457S/abstract
SSSS 433author initialshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1977ApJS...33..459S/abstract
StephSteph 762authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1986AJ.....91..144S/abstract
StHAStHA 169author, H-alpha emitting starshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1986ApJ...300..779S/abstract
STISSTIS 123627+621755Hubble Space Telescope STIS instrumenthttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2000Natur.408..560S/abstract
StKMStKM 1-762authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1986AJ.....91..144S/abstract
StockStock 2authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1956ApJ...123..258S/abstract
StromloStromlo 16or "Gum 16"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1955MmRAS..67..155G/abstract
StWrStWr 2-8authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1972PDAUC...2...59S/abstract
TeideTeide 1observatoryhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1998ApJ...499L..61M/abstract
TerzanTerzan 5series of papers re 12 globular clusters
TeutschTeutsch 126discovererhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2006A%26A...447..921K/abstract
TombaughTombaugh 1open clustershttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1938PASP...50..171T/abstract
TrumplerTrumpler 27(or "Tr"), authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1930LicOB..14..154T/abstract
TSTS 335authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1974A%26A....36..155T/abstract
TVLMTVLM 513-46546author, "very low mass"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1993ApJ...414..279T/abstract
UU 494"UPG" abbreviatedhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1972AJ.....77..486U/abstract
UBV MUBV M 42980update to UBV datahttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2006yCat.2122....0M/abstract
UBVUBV 6193catalogs UBV datahttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1970pcmc.book.....B/abstract
ubvy98ubvy98 100180540filtershttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1998A%26AS..129..431H/abstract
UGPUGP 619author initialshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1972AJ.....77..486U/abstract
UMaUMa I dSphconstellation abbreviation: Ursa Major
UPGUPG 494authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1972AJ.....77..486U/abstract
VarVar 83M33 "variable"https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1975ApJS...29..303V/abstract
VBVB 8discoverer initialshttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Van_Biesbroeck%27s_star_catalog
VBRCVBRC 1authors initialshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1973ApJ...179..863V/abstract
VDVD 1-6author, PNehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1964CoBos..30....0V/abstract
VdB-HVdB-H 60aauthorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1975AJ.....80..208V/abstract
vdB-HavB-Ha 47authorshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1975AJ.....80...11V/abstract
VV2000cVV2000c J195928.3+404402authors' initialshttps://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/w3browse/all/veroncat.html
VVOVVO 230Van Vleck Observatoryhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1968AJ.....73..744G/abstract
VysVys 3author, same as MCChttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1943ApJ....97..381V/abstract
WaterlooWaterloo 3(or Wat 3) stellar clusterhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1979A%26AS...38..197M/abstract
WeWe 1-10planetary nebulaehttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1977A%26AS...30..343W/abstract
WeSaWeSa 6planetary nebulaehttp://ui.abs.harvard.edu/abs/1981A%26A...100...66W/abstract
WesterlundWesterlund 1-26(or W26) cluster discovererhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1961AJ.....66T..57W/abstract
WillmanWillman 1name of a discovererhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005AJ....129.2692W/abstract
WoWo 9540 Ccatalog authorhttps://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/W3Browse/all/woolley.html
WOHWHO G64authors' initialshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1981A%26AS...43..267W/abstract
WORWOR 4discovererhttp://www.astro.gsu.edu/wds/worley.html
WrayWray 17-96authorhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1966PhDT.........3W/abstract
WTWT 469author initialshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1994A%26AS..105..179W/abstract
YBPYBP 1194author initialshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008A%26A...484..609Y/abstract
YGKOWYGKOW G1authors' initialshttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1980ApJ...241..507Y/abstract
z8z8 GND 5296apparently for "z rounds to 8, GOODS North Deep"
ZCZC 491Zodiacal Cataloghttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1940nzcc.book.....R/abstract

Index