Astrophysics (Index)About

corona

(plasma surrounding a star)

The term corona indicates glowing plasma surrounding a star. The term was first used for the glow seen around the Sun during solar eclipses. The corona of the Sun is "active", changing visibly over time. It is considered a portion of the Sun's atmosphere, external to the chromosphere, with a thin transition region between. Its temperature is much higher than the surface of the Sun.

Coronagraphs were first developed to attempt to study the Sun's corona at other times than eclipses, but the term has come to mean any telescope feature designed to block out the light of the Sun or a star in order to see radiation from near the star that is much less intense.


The term corona is also incorporated in terms for glows surrounding other astronomical objects, such as galactic corona. Another example use is used for plasma presumed to be in the vicinity of an active galactic nucleus (an AGN corona, possibly localized to its rotational axis) as the source of photons producing observed Compton reflections, and possibly heated in a manner somewhat-related that of the solar corona, such as through magnetic reconnection.


(stars,Sun,plasma,stellar atmosphere)
Further reading:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stellar_corona
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galactic_corona

Referenced by pages:
AGN corona
Air-SPEC
ASPIRE
CLE
coronal mass ejection (CME)
coronagraph
coronal hole
COSIE
Coronal Solar Magnetism Observatory (COSMO)
CTIS
ESIS
extreme ultraviolet (EUV)
galactic halo
High Altitude Observatory (HAO)
iron (Fe)
interstellar medium (ISM)
Lyot coronagraph (CLC)
magnetic arcade
magnetic dipole radiation
Parker Solar Probe (PSP)
Parker wind
plasma wave
Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO)
solar telescope
solar wind
standard model of a flare
stellar atmosphere
STEREO
Sun surface features
supershell
TRACE
transition region
ultraviolet astronomy
X-ray source

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