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Kozai mechanism

(Lidov-Kozai mechanism, Lidov-Kozai effect)
(an effect on an orbit by another, more distant orbiting body)

The Kozai mechanism (Lidov-Kozai mechanism or Lidov-Kozai effect) is an effect on a body's orbit by another body orbiting further from the primary body causing oscillations in orbital inclination and eccentricity, i.e., a Kozai oscillation (or LK oscillation or Kozai cycle). For example, an artificial satellite orbiting Earth, affected by the Moon. The mechanism is significant for some asteroids, moons, and extra-solar planets.

The effect was first described by Soviet, Michael Lidov in 1961 and Japanese, Yoshihide Kozai in 1962.

(celestial mechanics,dynamics)

Referenced by:
black hole merger
Laplace radius (rL)