### J designator

(designator using equatorial coordinates at year 2000)

I'm using the term J designator for identifiers or descriptions of astronomical objects consisting of a J followed by numbers, which are commonly used to designate astronomical objects. It describes the object's directional position using equatorial coordinates. Example number:

```J162702.56+432833.9
```

The meaning of the numbers are as follows:

```JHHMMSS.ss+DDMMSS.s
```
• The letter J - as per J2000.0 equinox and epoch J2000.0.
• HH - hours right ascension (1/24 of a circle).
• MM - minutes right ascension (1/60 of an hour).
• SS - seconds right ascension (1/60 of a minute).
• ss - tenths/hundredths of a second right ascension.
• +/- - declination above or below (north or south).
• DD - degrees declination (1/360 of a circle).
• MM - arcminutes declination (1/60 of a degree).
• SS - arcseconds declination (1/60 of a arcminute).
• s - tenths of an arcsecond declination.

(I presume the right ascension and declination are also measured from the plane of Earth equator at time J2000.0 epoch.) Thus J162702.56+432833.9 means: "At noon on January 1, 2000 GMT, the object was at 16 hours 27 minutes and 2.56 seconds right ascension and +43 degrees 28 arcminutes 33.9 arcseconds declination (according to equatorial coordinate axes of that same time)." Simplified formats showing less precision:

```JHHMMSS+DDMMSS
JHHMM.m+DDMM.m
JHHMM+DDMM
```

(Note that minutes and/or arcminutes can be specified with fractions.) The "HH" and "DD" fields can be reduced to a single digit, i.e., they do not need to be zero-filled, so an odd number of digits so "J110+3344", for example, means "1 hour 10 minutes, 33 degrees 44 arcminutes". Without the initial "J", the epoch is not specified. A "B" in place of the "J" (e.g., "B110+3344") indicates epoch B1950.0 instead of J2000.0.

Sometimes an object is specified by a survey or project that discovered it along with the right ascension and declination, with or without the J, e.g., "SDSS J1517+3353" for the Sloan Digital Sky Survey.

(astronomy,designation,reference)